Common Respiratory Disorders

Respiratory Disorders is also called: Pharyngeal disorders

Your throat is a tube that carries food to your oesophagus and air to your windpipe and larynx. The technical name for the throat is pharynx.

Throat problems are common. You’ve probably had a sore throat. The cause is usually a viral infection, but other causes include allergies, infection with strep bacteria or the upward movement of stomach acids into the oesophagus, called gastric reflux.

Other problems that affect the throat include:

  • Tonsillitis – an infection in the tonsils
  • Pharyngitis – inflammation of the pharynx
  • Cancers

Most throat problems are minor and go away on their own. Treatments, when needed, depending on the problem.

Strep Throat

Streptococcal infections (strep for short) cause a variety of health problems. There are two types: group A and group B. Antibiotics are used to treat both.

Group A strep causes:

  • Strep throat – a sore, red throat, sometimes with white spots on the tonsils
  • Scarlet fever – red rash on the body
  • Impetigo – a skin infection
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease)

Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test during pregnancy can tell if you have it. If you do, I.V. antibiotics during labour can save your baby’s life. Adults can also get group B strep infections, especially if they are elderly or already have health problems. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults.

So obviously a streptococcal infection can get serious. Flesh Eating Disease?! Yikes! General practitioners and the CVS Minute Clinics can all provide a diagnosis and prescription for antibiotics to get rid of strep infections. So get ‘er done!

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